A preposition links a noun or pronoun to another word in a sentence. Prepositions tell more about time, place, and motion in a sentence. They also describe the relationship of a noun to a verb, adverb or adjective. Without them, sentences would be choppy and would not make sense.
Commonly Used Prepositions
There are about 150 prepositions in the English language!
But, we are only going to focus on 10 of the most commonly used prepositions, that include:
A preposition is part of a prepositional phrase. A prepositional phrase includes the preposition and its object. It starts with a preposition and is followed by a noun, pronoun or gerund that helps to connect the phrase to the rest of the sentence.
Given below are some examples of prepositional phrases. Here, the prepositions are underlined.
- at the park
- from Simone
- with him
- by train
- about my project
- across the river
- for me
- to the school
- over the hill
- of five years
Read some example sentences below. Notice how the prepositions are used to connect words in a sentence.
1. Please leave the keys by the calendar.
- "By the calendar" tells where the keys are located.
2. He will meet me at five-thirty.
- "At five-thirty" tells when the speaker will meet the person.
3. Hang the towel over the railing so it can dry.
- "Over the railing" tells where the towel is hung.
4. The neighbors are having a party across the street.
- "Across the street" tells where the neighbors are having a party.
5. I will go with you if you are afraid.
- "With you" tells about the person with whom the speaker is going.
6. We live about three miles apart.
- "About three miles" tells how far we live.
7. The owner of the new car smiled.
- "Of the new car" tells more about the car.
8. I ate cereal and yogurt for breakfast this morning.
- "For breakfast" tells what is eaten in the morning.
9. Monkeys like to eat bananas.
- "To eat" tells about the thing monkeys like to eat.
10. The strange noises are coming from that old house.
- "From that old house" tells about the place from where the noises are coming.
List of Common Prepositions
Here is a list of some common prepositions: