Who invented baseball?It is hard to say where and when baseball actually began, or who invented it. There are many different ideas about how baseball started. Some say Abner Doubleday invented the sport, but others disagree. Nobody really knows who invented baseball. It is still a mystery!
What do you need to play?
- A baseball bat
- A baseball
- A glove or mitt
- Three bases and one home plate
- Two teams
- A catcher will also need a protective mask and pads
Who's on First?
Get to know the player positions.
The baseball field has an infield and an outfield. The infield contains the bases. The outfield is an open field. There are 9 positions in baseball.
PitcherThe pitcher throws the ball to the batter. The pitcher may throw a strike, which is in the batter's strike zone.
Did you know?During one game, there could be an average of 275 pitches and over 45 different balls used.
CatcherThe catcher is the player who communicates with the pitcher. The catcher can use hand signals to suggest certain types of pitches. The catcher returns the ball to the pitcher after pitches that are strikes or balls.
First basemanThe first baseman must defend first base. The first baseman can tag the running player before he or she reaches first base, or the first baseman can tag the base while holding the ball.
frogs make good baseball players?
They are great at
Second basemanThe second baseman must defend second base. The second baseman can tag a player out while holding the ball, or he may tag second base while holding the ball (he may only tag the base if a runner is forced to go to second base by another runner who is going to first base).
What do you call
an umpire who is in a bad mood?
Why did the
To get to the foul
chicken cross the baseball field?
Third basemanThe third baseman must defend third base. The third baseman can tag a player out while holding the ball, or he may tag third base while holding the ball (he may only tag the base if a runner is forced to go to third base by another runner who is going to second base).
baseball player is never thirsty?
ShortstopThe shortstop must field balls that come between second and third base. Because many hitters are right handed, many of the hits go in the area where the shortstop plays.
Right fielderThe right fielder defends the right part of the outfield. He must catch fly balls (in the air) and field ground balls (on the ground) that players hit into a large area of the outfield. He must make long thrown into the infield players.
Center fielderThe center fielder defends the center part of the outfield. He must catch fly balls and field ground balls that players hit into a large area of the outfield. He must make long throws into the infield players.
Left fielderThe left fielder defends the left part of the outfield. He must catch fly balls and field ground balls that players hit into a large area of the outfield. He must make long throws into the infield players.
So Many Numbers! Dimensions, Playing and Keeping Score
- There are 2 teams with 9 players on each team.
- There are 2 players in the battery - the pitcher and the catcher.
- There are 3 outfielders - right, center, and left field.
- There are 4 infielders - the first baseman, the second baseman, the shortstop, and the third baseman.
- There are 4 bases - first, second, third, and home.
- The bases are 90 feet apart from each other.
- Home plate is 17 inches wide.
- There are 9 innings. In 1 inning, each team has a turn to bat and field.
- Don't forget to enjoy the 7th inning stretch. Get up, stretch, and sing, "Take me out to the ballgame."
- The pitcher's mound is 60 ft 6 inches from home plate.
- There are 3 strikes in 1 out. There are 4 balls in 1 walk.
- There are 4 runs scored in a grand slam!
- When a batter has 2 strikes and 3 balls, it is a full count.
- The fielding team must make 3 outs to finish the inning.
- For each runner who crosses home plate, the team earns 1 point.
- The team with the most runs at the end of 9 innings is the winner.
- If there is a tie, the teams continue to play until one team leads at the end of the inning.
1830 - Early variations of baseball were played in America.
1878 - Baseball was played in Australia.
1901 - The Chicago White Stockings beat the Cleveland Blues in the first official American League game.
1903 - The first baseball World Championship Series was played. Boston Americans beat the Pittsburgh Pirates 5-3.
1910 - William Taft was the first U.S. President to throw out the first pitch.
1919 - Eight players on the Chicago White Sox conspired to throw the World Series.
1920 - The first African American league began as the Negro National League.
1929 - Babe Ruth hit his 500th home run.
1939 - Little League Baseball began.
1943 - The first female league began.
1947 - Jackie Robinson signed a contract with the Brooklyn Dodgers. He broke the color barrier and was the first African American player to enter the white-only major leagues.
1951 - Two Chicago White Sox, Chico Carrasquel (Venezuela) and Minnie Miñoso (Cuba), became the first Hispanic All Star players.
1953 - The European Baseball Federation was formed.
1954 - The first European Championship was played in Belgium and Italy won.
1954 - The Baseball Federation of Asia was created.
1969 - The pitcher's mound was lowered, and the strike zone was reduced to help batters.
1974 - Hank Aaron hit his 715th career home run, passing Babe Ruth's record.
1990 - African Baseball Federation was created.
1992 - First African baseball cup was organized and held.
1994 - Baseball World Series was cancelled because of a player strike about salary issues.
1995 - Cal Ripken, Jr. (Baltimore Orioles) played his 2,131st consecutive game, breaking Lou Gehrig's record.
1996 - Sammy Sosa and Mark McGwire competed in a home-run hitting battle. Sosa ended the season with 66 home runs and McGwire ended with 70.
1998 - NY Yankees win a record 125 games in the season and the World Series.
2000 - Cal Ripken Jr. became the 24th player to hit 3,000 hits.
2004 - Randy Johnson pitched a perfect game. The Arizona Diamondbacks beat the Atlanta Braves 2-0.
2006 - Barry Bonds hit his 714th home run to tie Babe Ruth at second in the record books.
2008 - Yankee Stadium turns 85 years old and hosts its last game.
2010 - Fifteen pitchers recorded 200 or more strikeouts in the seasons.
George Herman RuthNickname: Babe Ruth, the King of Swing
Position: Pitcher, outfield, great slugger
Team: New York Yankees
- 1927 - 60 home run - new records
- 7-time World Series champion 1923
- American League MVP
- Member of Major League Baseball's All Century Team.
- August 16, 1948
Lou GehrigName: Lou Gehrig
Nickname: Iron Horse
Position: first base
Team: New York Yankees
- 1926 - led the league in triples with 20
- Consecutive games played 2,130
- 47 homeruns when Ruth had 60v
- 1931 Gehrig had 184 RBIs
- June 2, 1941
Ty CobbNickname: The Georgia Peach
Position: Outfield, first base, third base, pitcher
Team: Detroit, Oakland
- 1936 First inductee into the Baseball Hall of Fame
- Highest batting average in the history of the game (.367)
- 1911 Led every offensive category in the league except home runs
- 1907 League bests: 212 hits, 119 RBIs and 49 stolen bases
- 3rd all time in stolen bases with 892
- Second in runs scored with 2,245
- Second in career hits with 4,191
- July 17, 1961
Jackie RobinsonName: Jack Roosevelt Robinson
Nickname: Dark Destoryer, J-Rob, Jack-Jack
Position: Second base, third base, first base
Team: Brooklyn Dodgers
- First African American player (1945)
- Rookie of the year (1947)
- 12 home runs, 29 steals and batted .297
- 1949 - MVP
- 1962 - Inducted into baseball Hall of Frame
- October 24, 1972