# Math Problems for 5th graders

## Math Problems for 5th Graders

Once students enter the 5th grade, they should have mastered basic operations and have a firm foundation in basic algebraic and geometric concepts. They should also be able to manipulate fractions, including using all basic operations with them.

Realizing how numbers work in the real world, 5th graders will be able to solve word problems involving money while using estimation, rounding, and mental math. Even finding the area and perimeter should be no match for them as they head into their school year. Math questions for 5th graders can be found on Turtle Diary in order to help students practice and succeed in their in-class learning. It will help them to gain confidence and truly understand their math studies this year.

## What Math Should a 5th Grader Know?

### Decimals

Being able to add, subtract, multiply, and divide decimals becomes complex when learning how to quantify and picture decimals in both mathematical and real-world scenarios. Students will learn to discuss decimals in words and break them down using expanded notation. They will work on rounding and estimating, as well as comparing and ordering them as well. Using a number line will help them master these skills.

### Fractions

5th grade students will move onto more advanced concepts, including proper and improper fractions. They will learn how to change denominators in order to do basic operations, and work with mixed numbers to solve number sentences.

### Geometry

Students should be great at identifying 2D and 3D shapes by the 5th grade. They will be able to practice classifying triangles by angle measurement and work with lines of symmetry. They will learn about rotational symmetry and manipulating shapes, as well as reflection and translation of shapes.

### Linear Functions

Learning how to graph on an x-y coordinate will be a fun addition to math this year. Students will use their knowledge of input/output tables to begin plotting figures on a graph. Function tables will become more complex as they apply this knowledge to new math skills. These are important skills to master as students will be moving onto more advanced functions in their middle school years. Understanding the basics now will help them have confidence in the classroom for the next level of mathematics.

### Multiplication

In the 5th grade, students should be able to multiply 3-digit numbers by 3-digit numbers. This requires complex problem solving skills, as well as a mastery of subtraction to complete the problem. Multiplication and division will both be revisited for mastery this year, including long division which uses multiple concepts together.

If students have not yet mastered their basic multiplication and division facts, this would be a great time to go back to earlier lessons on Turtle Diary or some of our fun games to practice and solidify those skills. Advancing in math will be very difficult if they don’t have a quick recall of basic facts.

### Order of Operations

Students will begin to learn the basics of the order in which basic operations should take place. While they aren’t equipped with enough knowledge for PEMDAS, they will begin to learn that addition must take place before subtraction. In the future, they will begin to work with parentheses and exponents, necessitating the acronym to help them remember where to start when more complex equations present themselves.

### Units of Measurement

5th graders will continue talking about temperature this year, and may apply these concepts to other subject areas. In addition, they will also learn to compare and convert metric units of length, weight, and volume in a variety of situations.

### Variables

Starting at the very beginning of algebraic learning, students will learn how to solve for a variable. It is a fun addition to math this year, as it is more of a riddle that they must solve. This is another time when knowledge of fact families and skip counting comes in handy, as will the knowledge of all of their basic facts. Quick recall will help them to identify the missing number and properly solve each equation. This is an essential skill for algebra in the coming years.

## How Do Turtle Diary’s Math Problems Help 5th Graders Master These Skills?

### Lessons & Practice

By using the lessons and explanations on Turtle Diary, students may grasp concepts better than they did when they were explained in the classroom. By working at their own speed and on their own terms, they can take their time to fully grasp the new material as Turtle Diary takes them step by step through each concept, no matter how difficult. They can then apply that knowledge to 5th grade math problems in the quiz section.

If they find that they are weak in a certain area, it is very easy to hop down a level or two within Turtle Diary and find where they need to practice. It is a great place to have easy lessons for review and then be able to take a quiz to see if you’ve got it. In addition, once the problem area has been identified, they can also play some of our games to bone up on the weak areas.

### Quizzes for Mastery

Once they’re ready to try the new concepts out, students can simply click on a quiz in order to see where their strengths and weaknesses lie. They will get real-time feedback and then be able to go back and review what they missed. And students can come back again and again for homework support or to refresh concepts they may have forgotten.

When 5th graders practice math on Turtle Diary, they give themselves the gift of understanding. This is the last year before math will take a giant leap into more complicated concepts. They must master all of the basics and be able to easily solve problems. In doing this, they will be prepared for their mathematical future in the sixth grade and beyond.