A,E,I,O,U & Y are the English vowels, although Y can also behave as a consonant when it is at the beginning of a word.
Let's say them together. A,E,I,O,U & Y.
A vowel is a sound where air coming from the lungs is not blocked by the mouth or throat. All normal English words contain at least one vowel. Vowels have two sounds: A short sound and a long sound.
A, E, I, O and U are the long vowel sounds.
Lets say them together.
A, E, I, O, U
When a short word or syllable ends with a vowel-consonant-e combination (a-k-e), the vowel is usually long and the "e" at the end of the word is silent . However, this rule does not apply in all cases. Like...
Bake. When A is followed by E and a single sound is heard A, A
Ride. Here I is followed by E and a single sound is heard i.e. I, I
When two vowels go walking the first one does the talking.
Long A, A as in mail. A
Long E, E as in tea. E
Long I, I as in kite. I
Long O, O as in road. O
Long U, U as in glue. U