Upgrade to remove ads
Upgrade to remove ads
Upgrade to remove ads
11,165 Watched

Antonyms and Synonyms

Lesson size:
Message preview:
Someone you know has shared lesson with you:

To play this lesson, click on the link below:

https://www.turtlediary.com/lesson/antonyms-and-synonyms.html

To know more about different lessons, please visit www.turtlediary.com

Hope you have a good experience with this site and recommend to your friends too.

Login to rate activities and track progress.
Login to rate activities and track progress.

In this lesson, we are going to learn about some different terms for words in the English language

Synonyms

First, we will look at synonyms.

If two words are synonyms, it means that they have the same meaning or similar meanings.

Let's look at some examples:

  • The words "pretty" and "beautiful" have similar meanings-they are synonyms.
  • The words "huge" and "enormous" have similar meanings-they are synonyms.
  • The words "street" and "road" have similar meanings-they are synonyms.
  • The words "true" and "factual" have similar meanings-they are synonyms.

You can use synonyms to vary words when you are writing. Instead of always using the word "big," you can use more descriptive language: "huge," "gigantic," "enormous."

Notice the difference in the following sentences:

  • The bear that we saw in the woods was big.
  • The bear that we saw in the woods was enormous.

The second sentence is more descriptive and gives us a better idea of how big the bear was.

It is important to realize that while words may have similar meanings, they are not always interchangeable. This means that you cannot always replace a word with another just because meanings are similar.

Let's look at some examples:

  • Jennifer was hungry or Jennifer was famished.
    "Hungry" and "famished" have similar meanings, but if Jennifer is "famished," she is very hungry.
    If you are trying to communicate how hungry she is, "famished" is a better word.
  • Mark had a boo-boo or Mark had an injury.
    "Boo-boo" is a common slang word for an injury, but even though these two words mean similar things, you would not want to use "boo-boo" in formal speech or writing.

Again, synonyms can help you vary your words when writing, but they can also help you to be more specific about what you want to say, and using a synonym that is more formal can help you when you are writing.

Antonyms

Now, we will look at antonyms.

If two words are antonyms, it means they have opposite meaning.

Let's look at some examples:

  • The words "build" and "destroy" have opposite meanings-they are antonyms.
  • The words "chilly" and "warm" have opposite meanings-they are antonyms.
  • The words "smooth" and "rough" have opposite meanings-they are antonyms.
  • The words "damp" and "dry" have opposite meanings-they are antonyms.

Again, you can use antonyms to better understand what you read and to be more descriptive when you write. For example, instead of writing, "She was not nice," use an antonym of the word "nice" to describe the girl such as "mean," or "unfriendly."

  • She was mean.
  • She was unfriendly.

You can also form antonyms by adding a prefix meaning "not" to a word. Some common prefixes that mean "not" are "un," "in," and "non."

Let's look at some examples:

  • Able-you can form an opposite of this word by adding "un" to make "unable."
  • Consistent-you can form an opposite of this word by adding "in" to make "inconsistent."
  • Fat-you can form an opposite of this word by adding "non" to make "nonfat."
Summary
Synonyms (think "same")

Words that have the same or similar meanings.

Some Synonyms
 
Chilly
Cool
Story
Tale
Tremble
Shake
Thin
Skinny
Afraid
Scared
Tardy
Late
Imitate
Copy

Antonym (think "against")

Words that have opposite meanings.

Some Antonyms
 
Enormous
Tiny
Feast
Snack
Take
Give
Long
Short
Wobbly
Steady
Freedom
Captivity
Temporary
Permanent

Explore Even More Ways To Learn!

I'm looking for
about
for
Become premium member to get unlimited access.
Upgrade Member
  • •  Unlimited access to over thousands of worksheets and activities for all grade levels.
  • •  Award-winning educational games and videos.
  • •  Teacher created quizzes with step by step solution.
  • •  Ad-free experience for children.
  • •  Unlimited access to Interactive Stories with "Read to me" feature.
  • •  Informative assessment tools with detailed reports pointing out successes and weak spots.
  • •  Audio Instructions for all games.