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Parts of a Sentence

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A group of words that makes complete sense is called a sentence. A complete sentence expresses a complete thought.

For example:

  • Harry listens to music.
  • Do you like muffins?
  • I love going to the amusement park!

These are all complete sentences.


But, the following sentences are not complete:

  • small yellow flowers
  • people who talk a lot
 

Note: Sentences begin with a capital letter and end with a period, question mark or exclamation mark.

Every complete sentence has two parts:

  • A subject and
  • A predicate


- The subject is what or who the sentence is about.

- The predicate is what is being said about the subject. In other words, it describes what is happening.

For example:

  • He opened his wallet.
  • Mary baked a pie.

Here, these sentences make complete thoughts with subjects and predicates.

Let's take a look at subjects:

  • Sandra draws a picture.

Here, Sandra is the subject. She is who the sentence is about.

Now, let's take a look at predicates:

  • Sandra draws a picture.

Here, draws a picture is the predicate. That is what is happening in the sentence.


Remember, predicates always contain a verb.

Summary
  • A complete sentence expresses a complete thought.
  • Every complete sentence has a subject and a predicate.
  • The subject is what or who the sentence is about. The predicate is what is being said about the subject.
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