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Multiplying fractions with whole numbers is much easier than adding fractions.

Let us learn this by following examples :

**If we have four children and each has two cookies, how many cookies are there in all?**

If we multiply 4 x 2, we find that there are 8 cookies total.

Multiply the numerator by the whole number, and leave the denominator the same.

We need to multiply 4 x

2

3

That's your new numerator!

4 x 2 = 8

Remember, the denominator stays the same, so our answer is:

8

3

Since the numerator is larger than the denominator, you can tell that this fraction is bigger than one.

Here is how we did it. To change an improper fraction to a mixed number, you must divide the numerator by the denominator. Then, the mixed number takes the following form :

- The answer becomes the whole number
- The remainder becomes the numerator
- The denominator stays the same

We need to multiply 3 x

1

5

.

3 x 1

5

=

3

5

There is

Summary

- Fractions represent parts of whole numbers
- Numerator (number on top) represents how many
__parts of the whole__you have - Denominator (number on the bottom) represents how many
__equal parts__the whole is divided into. - Multiplying Fractions by a Whole Number: Multiply the numerator by the whole number, and leave the denominator the same.

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